A timeline of events during Easter Week in 1916.
As British Authorities tried to get to grips with the outbreak of rebellion in Dublin the day before, command of military forces was given to General William Lowe.
In an effort to dislodge the Irish Citizen Army, which had occupied St Stephen’s Green, military occupied the nearby Shelbourne Hotel and targeted the park with machine-gun fire. This forced a retreat by ICA to the Royal College of Surgeons.
The Nurses’ Home of South Dublin Union was barricaded by men under Éamonn Ceannt, one of the signatories of the Proclamation of the Irish Republic read aloud the day before by Patrick Pearse.
Six Irish Volunteers had died the day before, and another would die there on the second day of the Rising. But casualties during the week also included some of the 1,000 plus patients and staff in the facility.
Meanwhile, in the city centre, the British military focused on Trinity College Dublin, where an officer training corps was based. It moved its headquarters within the campus to the front of the college, giving a wide range for sniping at rebels moving around College Green and Dame St.
This cut off a route for communications and movement of the Volunteers and ICA, as well as acting as a deterrent to looting in the immediate vicinity of the University.
City Hall had been taken over the previous day by the ICA after the unsuccessful attempt to take over Dublin Castle at the start of the Rising 24 hours earlier. By Tuesday evening, martial law was declared in Ireland.
On Tuesday night, as he returned home to Rathmines after trying to deter civilians from looting, pacifist Francis Sheehy-Skeffington was arrested by troops under command of Captain J.C. Bowen-Colthurst from Cork.
That evening, a British gunboat had arrived and shots had been fired at Boland’s Mills, occupied by Irish Volunteers commanded by Éamon de Valera.